SART was founded in North Carolina after Hurricane Floyd, during which more than 3 million domestic and farm animals were lost. Many could have been saved by a coordinated emergency response plan.
SART is based on the principles of the Incident Command System developed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), and involves a coordinated effort of over 30 government and animal organizations. Using ICS as a set of core principles, SART develops units of addressing all aspects of disaster response.
Our structure is organized on the grassroots level with County Animal Response Teams(CART). CARTs are under the jurisdiction of the county Emergency Management, and include Animal Control Officers, Cooperative Extensions, Sheriff’s Personnel, Veterinarians, Forestry Officers, Animal Industry Leaders and concerned citizens.
The Incident Command System (ICS) has been recognized by the Department of Homeland Security as the most effective system for managing emergencies. This system has been universally adopted as part of the National Emergency Response System (NIMS).